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Chemistry : Chemical Bonds


Following a recap on atomic structure, students will study the fundamentals of chemical bonds including ionic, covalent and metallic bonding. Students will then discover the properties of ionic compounds, and understand the difference between simple covalent and giant covalent substances. This includes work on the bonding, structure and uses of a range of allotropes of carbon (diamond, graphite, graphene and fullerenes).

The main SMSC/Personal Development content of this topic includes: PD15 – Sense of enjoyment and fascination in learning about themselves, others and the world around them, PD16 – Use of imagination and creativity in their learning and PD17 – Willingness to reflect on their experiences.

The main UN Rights of a Child covered are No.13 – Sharing thoughts freely and No.17 – Access to Information.

Example Key Words

Electronic Structure

The configuration of electrons in an atom.

Ionic Bonding

Type of bond formed between a metal and non-metal involving the transfer of elctrons.

Covalent Bonding

Type of bond formed between a non-metal and a non- metal involving the sharing of elctrons.

Metallic Bonding

Type of bond formed between metal ions and delocalised electrons.


A different form of the same chemical element.


A rare allotrope of carbon in its hardest form.

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